21. C The woman’s purpose is to correct the man’s misunderstanding of a word. The man thinks that the word for a type of language is “pigeon,” like the bird of that name. The woman corrects his misunderstanding by showing him the correct word, “pidgin.” (2.3)
22. %/ Lingua franca: It usually develops as a universal business language: …countries with ports on the Mediterranean needed a common trade language.
So a new language sort of evolved; Most of the time lingua francas have been trade languages.
/ Pidgin: It is a simplified language that blends two or more languages: A “pidgin ” is a type of language.
It’s a simplified language that’s a mixture of two or more languages. It has words from both languages.
/ Lingua franca: It is the common language of many people who speak various languages: A lingua franca is sort of common language used by people who speak different languages, y Pidgin: It is easy to learn because its grammar and vocabulary are simple: Pidgins have a simple grammar and vocabulary, so they ’re easy to learn. (2.5)
23. C The main idea of the talk is that the bird’s bill is specialized to its preferred diet. The professor says The bird s bill is highly modified for a variety of activities—such as cutting and crushing seeds, probing tree crevices for insects, drinking nectar from flowers, catching fish, and so on; Different birds have evolved different bill types to assist in their feeding. What I mean is, the shape of the bird s bill is specially adapted to specific foods. (2.1)
24. B The professor says A large number of birds are primarily seed eaters. These birds typically have stout, cone-shaped bills…. You can infer that the seed eater is the bird with the cone-shaped bill. (2.4)
25. B The professor’s purpose is to state that birds and their food evolved together. Some birds drink the nectar of flowers. The co-evolution of birds and flowers means that birds and flowers evolved alongside each other. (2.3)
26. C The professor says Birds who drink nectar have long, narrow bills…. You can infer that the nectar drinker is the bird with the long, narrow bill that can reach the nectar at the bottom of the flower. (2.4)
27. B The professor implies that the diet of hummingbirds is not restricted to flower nectar because hummingbirds will also grab any insect they meet.
In addition to nectar, hummingbirds eat insects and spiders. (2.4)
28. B, D Birds that eat insects have a slender, tweezer-like bill: Birds that eat insects collect their food in a number of ways. The warblers have short, slender, tweezer-like bills, that they sort of use like tweezers to pick small insects off leaves and twigs. Insect eaters also have a long, sticky tongue: The insect eater’s tongue—like the bill—is specialized to the bird s diet. The tongue of some woodpeckers is long, sticky…. (2.2)
29. D The main purpose of the talk is to introduce the students to the study of chemistry. The professor says Chemistry is the science that deals with the materials of the universe and the changes these materials go through; Chemistry courses have a reputation for being difficult; Don’t expect to understand everything right away; To solve a typical chemistry problem…; It takes time to learn chemistry. (2.3)
30. B The professor says Chemistry is sometimes called the central science. This isn’t surprising, since most of the processes going on around us involve chemical changes. She then lists examples of chemical processes. (2.2)
31. A The professor’s purpose is to introduce basic skills that all chemists need: an understanding of the fundamentals, the ability to solve problems, and the ability to communicate. (2.3)
32. D The professor implies that memorizing information is not the most important part of education. The professor says Some people think education is just storing information in the brain. A lot of students just want to memorize lists of facts…; Memorizing facts is important, but it s just the beginning of education; Analytical thinking is the center of education. (2.4)
33. B The professor’s purpose is to show that studying with others is useful in the sciences. She recommends working with a classmate on the homework problems because that is a good way to learn about how scientists work together. (2.3)
34. C The professor implies that mistakes can be a part of the learning process. The professor says You might feel frustrated when you make a mistake. Just keep working—and learning from your mistakes—and you ’ll make steady progress (2.4
TOEFL IBT Listening Practice Test 12 From Delta’s Key TOEFL Test Solution & Transcripts
Questions 1 through 5.
Listen to a conversation in the office of a campus newspaper.
W: Excuse me. Do you work for The Hilltop Journal?
M: Yes. I’m Dan MacGregor, the managing editor.
W: Nice to meet you. My name is Rhonda Davis
M: Hello, Rhonda.
W: and I’m interested in writing for the campus paper.
M: Are you in the journalism program?
W: No, but I’m an English major with an interest in the performing arts. I’m interested. I’d like to write arts reviews, stories about … uh … concerts and films and events in the arts. I’ve already done a lot of this kind of writing.
M: Hmm. We’ve already got a couple of journalism students who write reviews.
W: Do you have to be a journalism major to write for The Journal?
M: Strictly speaking, no. But it helps to be endorsed by a professor in the journalism department. It’s like this. You see, we’re not a big paper to start out with, and the administration just cut our funding, and there are lots of students who want to write for us, so I’m afraid it’s pretty competitive.
W: Really? I guess I didn’t know the full situation.
M: Yeah. We all wish it were different, actually, but you could still try. I mean, you could talk to one of the journalism professors, and show them some of your writing. If they endorse it, you could come back here. I just couldn’t guarantee anything at present. Like I said, our budget was cut, and we had to reduce the size of our paper.
W: Well … OK, I thought I’d try. Thanks.
M: Wait. Before you go, here’s something else you could try. If you really want to write reviews, you should send something to The Clarion.
W: The city newspaper?
M: Yeah, that’s right. They sometimes print reviews by students. And if they print a few of your stories, they might end up offering you a regular column. It happened before to students from this college.
W: Really? The Clarion. Well, that’s good to know. What would I do, just send something, like, to the editor?
M: Send it to the features editor. That’s the person who edits the Living section, where they print the reviews.
W: Thanks! I really appreciate the information.
M: Do book reviews interest you? Because I think they were looking for a person to review books by local authors. They might have found somebody already for that, but anyway, you could ask about it.
W: Actually, I would be very interested in writing book reviews. As an English major, I’ve got a lot of experience with that!
M: I can imagine.
W: Thank you so much. You’ve been very helpful.
M: No problem. I wish you luck.
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